Education - Economy - Spirituality - Charity
501©(3) Public Benefit Non-Profit Organization
Booker Taliafero Washington
April 5, 1856 - November 14, 1915
Occupation: Lecturer, Civil Rights/Human Rights Activist, Educational
Administrator, Professor, Organization Executive/Founder, Author/Poet
Booker T. Washington was born a slave in Hale's Ford, Virginia, reportedly on
April 5, 1856. After emancipation, his family was so poverty stricken that he
worked in salt furnaces and coal mines beginning at age nine. Always an
intelligent and curious child, he yearned for an education and was frustrated
when he could not receive good schooling locally. When he was 16 his
parents allowed him to quit work to go to school. They had no money to help
him, so he walked 200 miles to attend the Hampton Institute in Virginia and
paid his tuition and board there by working as the janitor.
Dedicating himself to the idea that education would raise his people to equality
in this country, Washington became a teacher. He first taught in his home
town, then at the Hampton Institute, and then in 1881, he founded the
Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Tuskegee, Alabama. As head of
the Institute, he traveled the country unceasingly to raise funds from blacks
and whites both; soon he became a well-known speaker.
In 1895, Washington was asked to speak at the opening of the Cotton States Exposition, an unprecedented honor for an African American. His Atlanta Compromise speech explained his major thesis, that blacks could secure their
constitutional rights through their own economic and moral advancement rather than through legal and political changes. Although his conciliatory stand angered some blacks who feared it would encourage the foes of equal rights, whites approved of his views. Thus his major achievement was to win over diverse elements among southern whites, without whose support the programs he envisioned and brought into being would have been impossible.
In addition to Tuskegee Institute, which still educates many today, Washington instituted a variety of programs for rural extension work, and helped to establish the National Negro Business League. Shortly after the election of President
William McKinley in 1896, a movement was set in motion that Washington be named to a cabinet post, but he withdrew his name from consideration, preferring to work outside the political arena. He died on November 14, 1915.
You can learn all you need to know to pass our quiz!
Click on any picture and learn more about our leaders. Read the information and remember i!. Our quiz will be based on the information in each caption.
We encourage children and families everywhere and of all races to join us weekly for a more in-depth study of all the leaders and organizations we feature. For more information, please send a request through our Contact Page.
Enjoy the video! Email us and let us know what you have learned about our country.
The goal of the Black History Project is to increase the awareness in young children of the efforts and sacrifices of great African and African American Leaders before them.
Our goal is to partner with the public school systems throughout the country to enroll children on a voluntary basis.
Donations are always needed and welcomed for this program. Please feel free to donate by using our PayPal Link
Contact us today!
We welcome your questions and queries. We need volunteers to help us grow this program. Please sign up using our Contact Page..